The Treaty of Aachen, officially a treaty of Franco-German cooperation and integration, also known as the Treaty of Aachen, treaty of Aachen, is a bilateral agreement between the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic that came into force on 22 January 2020, one year after its signing.  It was signed on 22 January 2019 by German Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Emmanuel Macron in the coronation hall of the town hall in Aachen. Finally, it is equally important that more down-to-earth subjects poison the relationship and get in the way of these major themes. Thus, exports of armaments, especially materials developed and built together, remain a huge stumbling block in Franco-German affairs. The new Treaty certainly says that the two countries will develop a «common approach» to this – but they are not there yet. The Franco-German Defence and Security Council would be well advised to consider two options: a government agreement on export control criteria or a list of eligible client countries; or the creation of a common authority to decide on export applications. But the formula that Germany and France will reach an agreement and that the other states will follow them no longer works. The way European policy is conducted has changed in the face of major crises and internal deadlocks such as Brexit,» she added. On the occasion of the 56th anniversary of the Elysée Treaty, France and Germany signed a new bilateral agreement: the Treaty of Aachen. A veritable «geopolitical miracle» after centuries of Franco-German rivalry and conflict, this historic agreement has created a new basis for relations between the two countries.
It provided for regular consultations between France and West Germany on all important issues in the areas of foreign policy, defence, education and youth, with regular summits between heads of state and government, ministers and senior officials. The 2019 Treaty aims to strengthen bilateral cooperation and prepare both countries and the European Union (EU) for the challenges of the 21st century. Institutional cooperation: a multi-year programme of projects ranging from the redevelopment of the Fessenheim nuclear power plant to cooperation in the field of artificial intelligence, through a Franco-German digital platform. A first list of projects is expected to be announced on Tuesday. «Of course, we can criticize the lack of concrete points, but this text is a treaty, it has been done for decades, it is not a decree,» said Christophe Arend of La République En Marche (LREM), who is also president of the Franco-German friendship group at the Elysée Palace.